I once read a line related to application development that goes something like this “we (application/web developers) design and build for end-users and we are not the end-users.” One of the biggest mistakes IT folks commit, and I’ve certainly been guilty of this, is designing products and services for ourselves rather than for the end-users. It’s too easy to get caught in this trap of designing for ourselves when we never leave the comfort of the office and do not understand those who will use the systems we build. To build effective systems, IT folks need to understand their end-users, those who will either benefit from the IT products/services provided or unfortunately, will suffer the daily consequences of having to use systems that are either ineffective or inflict physical/mental pains. If you think I’m being over-dramatic with the last sentence, imagine using a system that requires one to have to repetitively use the mouse to scroll up and down web pages hundreds of times a day. After awhile, you’ll develop carpal tunnel syndrome. Or, what about websites that are not responsive and so the width of the page is wider than the size of the screens the users are using which require them to have to scroll sideways to see the entire page. That could be very frustrating, right? How about web sites that are so heavy with graphics that it takes forever to display (yes, there are still folks around the world who are connected to the internet on slow networks) which leads to frustrations? Developers and designers need to keep end-users in mind when building effective applications that satisfy the needs of the end-users.
For higher ed IT leaders (or IT leaders in any industry), the burden of responsibility to understand those they serve and their needs are even higher because when at the leadership level, they are essentially dealing not only with technology but business, organizational, and cultural transformations as well. The quality of service and products provided by IT are influenced and driven by their leaders. Consider the following scenario: an IT leader thinks their organization’s role is to “keep the lights on” and so they pursue a strategy where they don’t pursue innovation and attempts to introduce new ideas, which at times could lead to disruptions in services, are punished. Consider another scenario where an IT leader thinks cloud, social media, and mobile computing are all fads and so he/she tell their staff to ignore these fads since they’re wasteful investments anyway.
The scenarios I described above are unfortunately not hypothetical. From articles, blogs, etc and from my conversations with other IT leaders, there’s a disconnect between IT and the business units when it comes to understanding what the priorities are and/or how services/products are designed. A big part of this disconnect is the lack of understanding when it comes to what business users want and need. Without understanding the business needs and the end-users, IT will use technology to drive the business needs rather than business needs defining what technologies are to be used.
How should IT leaders begin to understand their customers/users and their needs? In higher education, I’ve found several ways to do this:
1) Be part of campus strategic planning processes. When IT leaders gets involved after technology-related decisions have been made, these decisions often have to be re-visited as factors that are only evident to IT folks may not have been considered. IT leaders also need to think like business leaders instead of technologists so they can frame how their organizations can best address business problems and not just use technology for technology’s sake. The efforts of IT organizations must be driven by the missions of their campus and so IT leaders need to understand the missions and priorities of their campus.
2) Understand technology trends. IT leaders are often in no position to be technology experts given their responsibilities as strategists but they should be cognizant of technology trends that impact their campus and higher education in general. For example publications/orgs such as Pew Research, Educause, Gartner, as well as national higher education organizations from time to time have articles on future technology trends and technology use of different demographics. Attend conferences but not only technology conferences. IT leaders also need to go to conferences attended by the functional business users. For example, student affairs IT should attend conferences held by NASPA and ACPA, the two major student affairs organizations as well as conferences for specific functional units like AACRAO for enrollment management departments.
3) Get out of the office and walk around campus. Observe what devices students are using as they will probably be ahead of IT organizations, especially when it comes to consumer products like social media and mobile computing, and the next wave of computing – internet of things.
4) Get on social media. Some IT folks tell me with pride “I am not on social media because it’s a waste of time!” Frankly, I think that’s a misguided way of thinking. IT folks can learn a lot from the network of other technology and business experts/leaders not only in higher education but other industries as well. Personally, I follow the health care industry because of the similarities between that industry and student affairs, specifically the nature of high tech/high touch service must operate.
There are many more ways IT leaders can begin to understand their customers/users and it’s a continuous process. Not only is technology evolving faster than ever but the business challenges/opportunities in higher education driven by the needs of students, economy, and politics are so dynamic and complex that IT leaders cannot afford to be left behind and fail to understand those they serve.